“Unbundling” refers to a situation where a lawyer provides limited scope services to a client, rather than providing full scope legal services… Limited scope legal services refers to a situation where a lawyer performs discrete tasks for a client, and the client handles other matters that, in a full service retainer, would form part of the services the lawyer would provide.

Report of the Unbundling of Legal Services Task Force, LSBC, April 2008


Many people can afford to pay something for legal services; they often cannot afford the cost of the full representation model.

In 2008, the Law Society of BC Unbundling of Legal Services Task Force found that unbundling could be a valuable tool for enhancing access to justice by allowing people to retain lawyers for discrete services, and in accordance with their financial means. The Code was amended in 2011. However, in 2016 few BC family lawyers offered unbundled legal services. Those that did often offered them on an ad hoc basis and rarely advertised this approach. This made it very difficult for clients to find these lawyers when they need them. There is a particular gap in unbundled services to support families who use mediation to resolve their family disputes. Given that the Family Law Act strongly encourages families to use “out of court” methods, more legal support is needed.

We use “unbundling” to describe a lawyer providing legal services for a part, rather than the whole, of the client’s legal matter. It includes “legal coaching”. The Lab supported Mediate BC’s Family Unbundled Legal Services Project which aimed to encourage more family lawyers to offer and promote unbundled legal services to BC families. More information on the project is set out below. The project completed in June 2017 and produced a number of key deliverables including an Unbundling Roster (now hosting 150 BC family lawyers – www.unbundling.ca), Lawyer Toolkit, Client Toolkit, and Clicklaw Helpmap. The project helped to spur a momentum around unbundling. The Lab continues to support A2JBC’s Unbundling Working Group and the new CBABC provincial Unbundled Legal Services Section (which applies to unbundling in all practice areas).

The Lab’s support included encouraging collaboration between stakeholders, the use of developmental evaluation, an experimental / iterative approach, and tracking and sharing of learnings along the way.

Current Status

The project kicked off on January 1, 2016 and ran until June 2017. Phase 1 focused on engagement with the family bar, mediators, legal organizations, the Judiciary and the public.

In Phase 2 the project used the information from Phase 1 to design and implement strategies to address concerns and build on successes including the Roster, Toolkits, and Clicklaw Helpmap. While the project has wound up, the Lab continues to support the unbundling movement including the development of the new public-facing website developed by People’s Law School (and funded by the Law Foundation of BC) providing information and tools for members of the public about unbundling: www.unbundlinglaw.ca.